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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 34

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::connect() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::parseDSN() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 520

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Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

   

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

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Abduction

Categories: Inference and Reasoning , Problem Solving


Author(s): Robert Kowalski

Abduction was identified by the philosopher Charles Pierce as an especially important form of hypothesis formation. In the simplest case it has the form: from `A' and `B implies A' infer `B'. The abductive hypothesis `B' can be regarded as a possible explanation of `A'. To be a useful hypothesis, `B' should be consistent with other beliefs. Abduction is non-monotonic and non-deterministic. For example, from `A', and `B implies A', and `C implies A' we can infer `B' or we can infer `C' as possible alternative hypotheses. Adding `not B' as a new belief, non-monotonically withdraws `B' as a hypothesis. In comparison to this logical view, some researchers like Reggia have taken Peirce's original idea and interpreted it in terms of set coverings. Abduction has recently gained popularity in Artificial Intelligence for such applications as fault diagnosis, language understanding and image understanding. It has also been proposed as an alternative to Non-monotonic Logics for Default Reasoning.


References:


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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

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Comments:


Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113
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