Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::connect() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 32

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 557

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 34

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1009

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::connect() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::parseDSN() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 520

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 557

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 34
Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

   

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

Negation as Failure

Keywords: Micro-PLANNER, closed world assumption, rule of inference

Categories: Logic Programming


Author(s): Martin Merry

Negation as failure is a rule of inference which allows one to deduce that NOT P is true if all possible proofs of P fail. This is the way that negation is treated in Prolog and Micro-PLANNER. When using a system for database access, the assumption that negation as failure corresponds to true negation is precisely a consequence of the closed world assumption, i.e., the assumption that all relevant information is contained in the database. Without the closed world assumption, negation as failure corresponds to `we assume something is false if we cannot deduce it from available information', which is not the same as true negation. Negation as failure is an example of Default Reasoning. Its mathematical meaning is extremely questionable.


References:


Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113


Comments:


Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113
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