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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 34

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::connect() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::parseDSN() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 520

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 557

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Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Catalogue of Artificial Intelligence Techniques

   

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113

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Object-oriented Programming

Aliases: OOP

Keywords: C++, Smalltalk

Categories: Programming Languages


Author(s): Peter Ross

Object-oriented programming dates back to the 1960s; it developed in response to software engineers' needs to handle function overloading, data abstraction and code re-use in a clean way. In object-oriented programming one typically defines a set of classes, arranged in an inheritance hierarchy or lattice. A class is a definition; instances conforming to that definition can then be defined. Functions are attached to classes. Thus, for example, addition may be independently defined for strings and for numbers; typically a compiler or interpreter then sorts out which function is to be invoked for the expression `A+B', by considering the type of A, and in some systems also of B. A jargon has evolved with the technology: for example, a `method' is a function definition, a `message' is a function call. Free variables in function definitions refer to variables named in the class definition to which the function is attached, or in any class from which that class inherits. There are many extensions to the basic idea sketched here. Object-oriented programming is of clear relevance to AI, not only because of AI's software engineering requirements but also from a knowledge representation perspective. KRL (qv) and its descendants have made a point of keeping data and procedures together in an object-oriented programming-like way. Many AI theories can be expressed fairly cleanly in object-oriented programming since the meaning of a message is determined by the receiver rather than by the sender. C++ is perhaps the best-known object-oriented programming language generally, CLOS (Common Lisp Object System) the most used within AI, and Smalltalk the oldest and purest. Most versions of Lisp, Prolog and Scheme now have object-oriented programming features built in or available as extensions.


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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

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Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isManip() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 2200

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1217

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1666

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB.php on line 1387

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /usr/share/pear/DB/common.php on line 1683

Strict Standards: Non-static method DB::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /group/project/aicat/web/lib/database.php on line 113
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